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The telephone calls and the activity of the surveyors with diabetic patients in the CEAD project begin.

By 23 December 2022News

Due to the current COVID19 pandemic and the restrictions and limitations of movement, the methodology of data collection in some field activities of the CEAD project has been modified. For this purpose, surveyors with a background in health and/or social sciences, and with experience in conducting population-based surveys, citizen participation work, as well as prevention and health promotion have been recruited to collect the necessary data and information through phone calls with diabetic patients in Quito.

In the last few weeks, training sessions were held for these surveyors, addressing and training them in key points for carrying out this work, such as research ethics, the importance and necessity of informed consent, as well as the recording of the same, the handling and confidentiality of the data and the use and management of the kobotoolbox application, where the information collected from the participants is collected and stored.

In the last few days, the activity of these surveyors began and the calls began to be made for the first task, which consists of the validation of the Diabetes Health Profile-18 (DHP-18) questionnaire, an instrument that assesses the quality of life in diabetic patients and which will be used in the subsequent cohort phase within the CEAD project. Contacts of diabetic patients were provided through the diabetic patient clubs and those selected were contacted to ask for their voluntary participation if they met the established inclusion criteria.

The work of the interviewers is of vital importance to continue with the data collection and the contact with the participants; their knowledge of the territory and their linguistic and cultural knowledge facilitate the interaction with the people. So far, more than 100 interviews have been carried out with a minimum duration of 30 minutes and a maximum of 45 minutes, where the study and informed consent are explained and after the voluntary and consented acceptance of the person, their socio-demographic and clinical data and the information necessary for the validation of the DHP-18 are collected. In order to gain access to people, calls are being made at different times of the day and week, including weekends, to guarantee access to people who have difficulty making contact during the week due to work, for example.

In the case of the extension of the pandemic situation by COVID19 , the activity of the surveyors will also continue to conduct semi-structured interviews with the aim of collecting qualitative information on participants’ perceptions of the impact of the pandemic on the management of diabetes and/or hypertension and inequality, taking into account socio-economic status and gender perspective. In turn, interviews for the cohort will probably also be conducted by telephone, to collect information from diabetic patients on their socio-demographic characteristics, quality of life, social support and adherence to treatment.